How pets affect the psychology [5 conclusions of scientists] Ichaku [Perfect Gifts Selection]

How pets affect the psychology [5 conclusions of scientists]

Statistically, 68% of people have pets. Of these, 16% got pets for comfort and joy. They were not wrong: despite the fact that companionship with animals is unlikely to have a pronounced therapeutic effect, there is reason to believe that it has a beneficial effect on the human psyche and brain. Here's what the research says about it.

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🐶 Dogs and cats help to reduce stress

Japanese scientists have found that when communicating with dogs, their owners have the same chemical processes in the brain as during contact with loved ones - in large quantities the hormone oxytocin is released. It helps to reduce stress and fear, increases empathy and even improves digestion.

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Cats have a similar effect on the human brain, according to an Australian study. After interviewing 92 cat owners, scientists found that, on average, they feel slightly happier and more confident, are less nervous and have an easier attitude to problems than those who don't have cats

🤔 Animal owners' brains age slower

In the spring of 2022, experts from the American Academy of Neurology examined the cognitive test results of people over 65 and found that those who kept animals - dogs, cats, rabbits, hamsters, fish and even reptiles - lost mental capacity more slowly with each passing year.

The best results came from those with pets who had lived for five years or longer. The authors of the study attribute this to the fact that pets stabilize the emotional state of their owners, protect them from the feeling of loneliness, which ages the brain. And they also make people move more, which positively affects cognitive abilities

😴 Dog and cat owners sleep better

Don't rush to kick your dog out of bed on the cot: according to scientists, their presence can improve sleep quality. Among 962 female participants in a survey conducted by researchers from the U.S., it was the dog owners who had a healthier sleep. Unlike cats or spouses, they were less likely to wake them up at night.

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Dog owners' sleep was positively affected by the fact that they usually get up and go to bed at the same time to take their pet for a walk. Also, interacting with the dog during the day lowers cortisol levels, which excites the nervous system.

But there may be benefits from a cat in bed, too. One study found that cat purring at 25-150 hertz has a calming effect

😌 It's easier to cope with challenges when you're around pets

This is the conclusion reached by American scientists. They asked married couples to first solve a few simple math problems, and then - to dip their hand into ice water to increase stress levels. During both steps, the subjects had their pulse and blood pressure measured. And those who had their pets by their side at that moment had both parameters lower. That means they were less anxious.

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But most importantly, it was the pet owners who made fewer mistakes on the tasks and took the task as a challenge rather than a threat. The pets' presence reassured their owners, so it was easier for them to manage their attention and relate positively to what was going on

🦗 Taking care of a pet saves you from depression

But it's not just pets you can pet that help - it's the very fact of having a living being to take care of that matters. The experiment of Korean scientists showed that insects can be useful. Tenants of the nursing home were each given a box with five grasshoppers, food for them and instructions on how to properly care for unusual pets.

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After eight weeks, the researchers conducted tests for anxiety, geriatric depression and general mental state. It turned out that the grasshopper hosts had significantly lower depression scores than the people in the control group who were not given the insects

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